Low Back Pain, Causes, Investigation & Treatment | OnMyHealth


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Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Low Back Pain, Causes, Investigation & Treatment | OnMyHealth

LOW BACK PAIN: Low back pain may be a usual symptom amoung the fashionable civilized people. It affects mainly the center aged and young adults of both sexes. People who work on the chair without exercise and people who carry heavy loads regularly are susceptible to get this complaint. We can hardly find an individual who has not suffered from back pain at least once in life. The causes of low back pain range from simple reasons like muscular strain to cancer of the spine and hence backache shouldn't be ignored. The pain is felt in the lumbar and sacral region and should radiate to nearby sites.

Low Back Pain, Causes, Treatment


Why Does My Lower Back Hurt?

The following are some causes of backache.

  1. Backache thanks to diseases within the back.
  2. Backache thanks to gynecological problems.
  3. Backache thanks to problems in other parts of the body.

1) Backache thanks to diseases within the back:-

a) Injuries:-

Backache Injuries

 1) fracture of the spinal column.
 2) Rupture of intervertebral discs.
 3) Injuries to ligaments and muscles of the back.
 4) Lumbosacral strain.
 5) Intervertebral joint injuries.
 6) Fracture of processes of vertebra.

b) Functional backache thanks to imbalance:-

Backache During Pregnancy

 1) Low Back Pain During Pregnancy.
 2) Potbelly.
 3) Diseases of the hip.
 4) Curvature within the spine thanks to a birth defect.
 5) The short leg on one side.

c) Backache thanks to inflammatory conditions:-

Backache inflammatory conditions

 1) Infection of the bone thanks to bacteria.
 2) Tuberculosis of the spine.
 3) Arthritis.
 4) Brucellosis.
 5) Lumbago or fibrositis.
 6) Inflammation of the muscles.
 7) Anchylosing spondylitis.

d) Backache thanks to degenerative diseases within the back.

Backache in Old People

 1) Osteoarthritis.
 2) Osteoporosis in old people.
 3) Degeneration of the intervertebral disk.

e) Tumour within the spine:-

 1) Primary tumor of the bones within the spine.
 2) Metastatic tumors from other sites like prostate, lungs, kidneys, intestine, etc.

2) Backache thanks to gynecological problems:-

 a) After childbirth.
 b) After gynecological operations.
 c) Prolapse of the uterus.
 d) Pelvic inflammatory diseases.
 e) Cancerous lesions of the pelvic organs.
 f) Endometriosis.

3) Backache thanks to problems in other parts of the body.

 a) Renal stones.
 b) Ureteric stone.
 c) Cancer of the prostate.
 d) Pancreatitis.
 e) Biliary stones.
 f) peptic ulceration.
 g) Inflammations of pelvic organs.
 h) Occlusion of the aorta and iliac arteries.

Investigation of a case of backache:

  • Complete blood count.
  • Routine urine examination.
  • Ultrasonography of the abdomen and pelvis.
  • X-ray of the lumbar and sacral region.
  • MRI of the spine.
  • CT scan of the abdomen and pelvic region.
  • Examination of rectum, prostate, genitourinary organs.

Treatment of backache

  • Removing the cause for backache.
  • Symptomatic treatment.
  • Back exercises.
  • Traction.
  • Yoga.
  • Surgery.
  • Homeopathy.

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